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Understanding the Impact of Physical Pain on Equine Behavior: In the Paddock and Under Saddle

Updated: Aug 20, 2023



Horses are renowned for their strength and grace, but they are no strangers to physical pain. Whether due to injury, illness, or improper handling, pain can significantly influence their behavior both in the paddock and under-saddle. Recognizing and addressing the impact of physical pain on equine behavior is crucial for their well-being and for fostering a harmonious partnership between horse and rider. In this blog post, we delve into the effects of physical pain on equine behavior in both the paddock and under saddle. So let's break it down into two main areas.


The Paddock:

  1. Altered Movement and Locomotion: Physical pain can lead to observable changes in the way horses move in the paddock. Limping, stiffness, reluctance to walk or trot, or even outright refusal to move are common signs. Extended periods of laying down and being lethargic can all be signs of physical discomfort. This altered movement can be indicative of pain stemming from joint issues, hoof problems, muscle strains, or other discomforts.

  2. Social Withdrawal or Aggression: Horses in pain may exhibit changes in their social behavior. They may become withdrawn and isolated, choosing to avoid interactions with other horses. Conversely, some horses may display increased aggression or irritability, seeking to establish personal space and protect their sore areas. These behavioral changes stem from an instinctual response to alleviate pain and prevent further discomfort.

  3. Changes in Appetite and Eating Habits: Pain can influence a horse's appetite and eating habits. Horses in pain may show reduced interest in food, prolonged eating times, or even signs of discomfort while eating. Such changes can be related to dental issues, gastrointestinal problems, or mouth pain, and require veterinary attention to ensure proper nutrition and dental care.

Under Saddle:

  1. Resistance to Aids: Equines experiencing physical pain may exhibit resistance to the rider's aids. They may become reluctant or unwilling to perform certain movements or respond to cues. For example, a horse with back pain may hollow its back, refuse to engage its hindquarters, or exhibit reluctance to canter. These behaviors serve as protective mechanisms to avoid exacerbating pain or discomfort.

  2. Changes in Gait and Performance: Physical pain can manifest in changes in gait and performance. Horses may display irregular or asymmetrical movement, such as shortened strides, stiffness, or lameness. These alterations often indicate discomfort in specific areas, such as the back, neck, or limbs. Impaired performance can also result from pain-related fatigue, as the horse may try to conserve energy to alleviate discomfort.

  3. Behavioral Issues: Chronic or unaddressed physical pain can contribute to the development of behavioral issues. Horses may display signs of frustration, anxiety, or aggression under saddle. Bucking, rearing, biting, or tail-swishing are examples of such behaviors, which can be an expression of pain-related stress. Identifying and treating the underlying physical issue is crucial to resolving these behavioral challenges.


The impact of physical pain on equine behavior is significant both in the paddock and under saddle. Understanding how pain affects horses allows owners, trainers, and riders to provide appropriate care and support. Regular bodywork treatments, proper nutrition, skilled farrier work, and appropriate training techniques are essential components of addressing and mitigating pain-related behavioral changes. By prioritizing the well-being of our equine partners and actively addressing their physical pain, we can cultivate a positive and harmonious relationship with these magnificent animals.


We offer assessments and a variety of bodywork treatments for all equines. You can check out our services under the Therapy tab on the homepage.


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